Almost certainly a fictious account of the the Meiji empress and her entourage visiting a field hospital (possibly the Military hospital at Chemulpo). However, Beisen in volume 10 of his records of the war, illustrates a similar scene and records it as the empress visiting the military hospital at Hiroshima.
Collections: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
References: Illustrated in the 1986: Meech-Pekarik publication “The World of the Meiji Print: Impressions of a New
Illustrated in the 1977 Kodansha publication, First Sino-Japanese War Nishikie Chronicle (Ukiyo-e, 1894-95), p.82-83.