Sino-Japanese War 1894-95: Manchurian Campaign Part 3, December 1894 - March 1895
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Handsome triptych depicting a scene from the Battle of Haicheng during the Sino-Japanese War, Meiji imperial troops are positioned on a hilltop, firing cannons across the valley at the enemy. A Major-General sits on horseback at right, watching the progress of the battle, surrounded by several officers. Below troops head out across the snowy landscape, a bugler in the rear sounding the attack. Three large bare trees, their trunks covered with snow, dominate the composition, and the cold grey colours invoke the bleakness of the bitter setting.

General Oshima Yoshimasa,  on horseback, looks over his troops advancing toward the Manchurian battle site. War correspondent Kubota Beisen reported; “ At dawn on December 13 our entire army filed out of camp and marched through Manchuria’s hard ice and packed snow toward Haicheng. Only three li long (one mile), the trek as extremely difficult over the snow-and ice-covered mountains. A strong north wind stung both the men and the horses. As many as twenty-seven horses froze to death this day.”*
The severity of the Manchurian winter forced cessation of military operations and the Japanese First Army encamped.
*Kubota Beisen, Nisshin sentō gahō(Tokyo), vol.8 )May 1895), p.7.

Collections: The Philadelphia Museum of Art.
The Lavenberg Collection of Japanese Prints.

References: Illustrated in the 1983 catalogue “Impressions of the Front by Shumpei Okamoto”, p.31. Catalogue Number 41.
Illustrated in the Shinbaku Books 2014 publication “Massacres in Manchuria: Sino Japanese War Prints 1894-1895”, edited by Jack Hunter, page 98.
Illustrated in The Lavenberg Collection of Japanese Prints “Sino-Japanese War Prints (1894-1895)”, (IHL Cat. #110.

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