1895 Seat of the Sino-Japanese War between the Qing Dynasty China and Meiji Japan Antique Map Print
(pages 263 and 264)
….when the Western Column came to assist, the Chinese could only maintain the Citadel and town until evening and started to retreat during the night of 16 September when the Japanese penetrated into the town from the east, south and west. The Chinese lost 3000 dead and wounded as well as 600 prisoners: the Japanese suffered only 600 dead and wounded.
At the beginning of September the Chinese War Council had decided to strengthen the theatre of war and on 15 September 5000 Chinese were loaded at Ta-lie-wan into 6 transport ships to be brought under the protection of the Chinese fleet under the command of Admiral Ting at Ta-ku-shan to the west of the Yalu River. Disembarkation had already begun on 17 September when the Japanese fleet under Admiral Ito sped to the scene and engaged in a major battle in the estuary of the Yalu River.
Five Chinese ships were destroyed, several others were severely damaged, but the Japanese ships also suffered damage, including the flagship. The disembarkation of the troops had been effectively carried out.
Meanwhile, the Japanese troops, C5th division and the 5th infantry brigade, victorious at Ping-jang and forming the First Army had started the advance against the Manchuria border.
The defence of the Chinese border at the Yalu river was entrusted to General Sung who requisitioned more than 15,000 troops.
On the 24 October, the right wing of the Japanese army crossed the Yalu River under extremely difficult circumstances. On the same day, the 5th Division took Hushan and routed the Chinese on the following day after a 3 hour long fight, providing countless losses at the hands of the victors.
The First Army reached the line Ta-ku-shan-Fong- hwang-tsching at the beginning of November.
As soon as the Japanese fleet repaired the damages sustained at the battle of Yalu River, troops from the First Division and the Infantry Brigade First, as the Second Army, under Marshall Ojama landed on the Peninsula by Port Arthur to the north of Ta-lien-wa and Kin-schou. The Chinese did not stand firm and removed their defences at Ta-lie-wan, leaving them victims to heavy artillery fire as they fled. The Japanese army made Ta-lie-wan their main staging post and landed heavy artillery there to begin their operations against Port Arthur which had at most 10,000 men.
Translation: Catherine J. Forrest, 15 February 2016