Sino-Japanese War 1894-95: The Phyongyang Campaign
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In preparation of the campaign against Phyöng-Yang (Jap. Heijō), even before the Asan battle, a small group of mounted scouts was sent north in search of enemy. Led by Lieutenant Machida and Sub-Lieutenant Takenouchi, they left Seoul on July 23. They rode through unfamiliar grounds, filled with obstacles up to the Tai-Dong River (or Daidōkō), on the southern side of the city, within sight of the Chinese. Nine days were spent probing the ground and on the look-out for water-crafts for crossing the river. In the hope of destroying a telegraph line of the Chinese and get boats, Sergeant Kawasaki, single-handed, crossed the river but was repulse. Thus discovered, the small group was attacked the next day and cut to pieces. All died, save two, including Kawasaki, who managed to return to the Japanese lines and tell about the fateful event. This skirmish took place at Chūwa and the date was August 9. According to Vladimir, the enemy attacking force was composed of 200 mounted men, whereas Captain Du Boulay, claimed a higher count of over 1,500 men. But, a more serious advance was made, led by Major Ichinohe. Stopping on their way north at Chūwa, they paused and visited the place where their comrades met with death, erected tablets and held a funeral service.                    

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